In the Footsteps of Lewis and Clark
From Illinois to the Pacific
July 27 - Aug. 13, 2014




345 Day 4, July 30: Independence, MO to Council Bluffs, IA  297 = 642

Maryjean leads exercises each morning. It sets a nice tone for the day.


Kaw Point, with the Kansas (Kaw) river on the right, meeting the Missouri with Kansas City, MO in the background.


Our bus driver, Greg, is very creative and participates in the tour as well as driving. I really appreciate his help.


Missouri River Basin Interpretive Center in Nebraska City


Row, Row, Row your boat...


A great Children's Room with this interactive prairie dog town...


...and our very own prairie dogs


Western Historic Trails Center in Council Bluffs, IA


Interactive Light-up Map with all the Western Trails, L&C, Oregon Trail, Mormon Trail, Pony Express, California Trail


Fort Atkinson, built in 1820 on top of the original Council Bluff. L&C held their first council with the Otoe-Missouri Indians below the bluff on August 3, 1804. The read a long speech and gave them medals and flags


"First Council", by Oreanna Joe a native Indian sculptor


Below this deck, very close to the site of the first council, we see "The Meeting Place" by Milt Heinrich - a quill and a peace pipe crossed and laid on a compass with the stem of the pipe pointing NW, symbolizing the search for the Northwest Passage. The quill, Heinrich explained, is symbolic of Lewis and Clark's charge from Jefferson to keep records of all of their discoveries. The final element, the peace pipe, is symbolic in two ways. Not only does the pipe serve as an artifact representing the native Otoe and Missouri tribes encountered by the expedition, it also represents the tone of the meeting. Jefferson, Heinrich explained, had commanded that encounters between the Expedition and Native Americans were to be kept "as peaceful as possible."

345 Day 4, July 30: Independence, MO to Council Bluffs, IA  297 = 642